is a moot point as to whether the most extraordinary innovation of 20th-century
art was Cubism or Pop Art. Both arose from a rebellion against an accepted
style: the Cubists thought Post-Impressionist artists were too tame and
limited, while Pop Artists thought the Abstract Expressionists pretentious and
over-intense. Pop Art brought art back to the material realities of everyday
life, to popular culture (hence ``pop''), in which ordinary people derived most
of their visual pleasure from television, magazines, or comics.
Art emerged in the mid 1950s in England, but realized its fullest potential in
New York in the '60s where it shared, with Minimalism, the attentions of the
art world. In Pop Art, the epic was replaced with the everyday and the
mass-produced awarded the same significance as the unique; the gulf between
``high art'' and ``low art'' was eroding away. The media and advertising were
favorite subjects for Pop Art's often witty celebrations of consumer society.
Perhaps the greatest Pop artist, whose innovations have affected so much
subsequent art, was the American artist, Andy Warhol (1928-87).
term ``Pop Art'' was first used by the English critic Lawrence Alloway in a
1958 issue of Architectural Digest to describe those paintings
that celebrate post-war consumerism, defy the psychology of Abstract
Expressionism, and worship the god of materialism. The most famous of the Pop
artists, the cult figure Andy Warhol, recreated quasi-photographic paintings of
people or everyday objects.
Для подготовки данной работы
были использованы материалы с сайта http://www.ibiblio.org/louvre/paint/