The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern
Ireland. The land and the people.
The UK of Creat Britain
and Nothern Ireland occupies the territory of the British Isles. It consists of
4 main countries which are England, Scotland, Scotland,Wales and Nothern
Ireland. Their capitals are London, Cardiff and Belfast.
The United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Nothern Ireland is the official name of the state which is
sometimes referred to as Great Britain or Britain (after it major island),
England ( after its major historic part or the British Isles.
The UK is an Island state
it is composed of some 5.500 islands, large and small. The two main islands
are: Great Britain to the east and Ireland to the west. They are separated by
the Irish Sea.
The area of the UK is
244,100 square kms. It is situated off to the northwest coast of Europe between
the Atlantic Ocean on the north and the North Sea on the east and is separated
from the European continent by the English Channel (or La Manche) and the
Straits of Dover (or Pas de Calais).
The population of the UK
is over 57 mln people. The UK is inhabited by the English, the Scots, the Welsh
and the Irish who constitute the British nation. English is not the only
language. Scottish, Welsh and Irish are also used.
The flag of the UK is
known as the Union Jack. It has its history. It all began in 1603 when Scotland
was joined to England and Wales. The flag is made up of 3 crosses. The upright
cross is the Cross of St.Jeorge the patron saint of England. The white diagonal
cross is the cross of St.Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. The red diagonal
cross is the cross is the cross of St.Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. All
of them are on the blue background.
The national anthem is
«God Save the Queen». The national currency is pound.
Geographically the island
of Great Britain is subdivided into 2 main regions: Lowland Britain and
Highland Britain. Lowland Britain comprises southern and eastern England.
Highland Britain consists of Scotland, most of Wales, the Pennines (or the
Pennine Chain) and the Lake District.
The highest mountain top
is Ben Nevis in Scotland. The chief rivers of Great Britain are: the Severn,
separating England and Wales, the Thames (the longest and the deepest one). The
swiflest flowing river is the Spray. Also the Tweed is famous (the woolen
fabric is made here).
There are many lakes in
Great Britain. The Lake District is the most beautiful.
The largest are London,
Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Bristol, Leeds, Cardiff.
The capitals are: London
in England, Edinburgh in Scotland, Cardiff in Wales and Belfast in Northern
Every country has its own
national emblem. The red rose is the national emblem of England the thistle is
the national emblem of Scotland the daffodils and the leek are the emblems of
Wales and the shamrock (a kind of clover) is the emblem of Ireland.
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