The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom
Of Great Britain And Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom is situated in
the north-west coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean on the north-west and
the North Sea on the east.
The U. K. includes Great Britain and
Great Britain, the largest island in
Europe, contains England, Scotland and Wales.
The United Kingdom has an area of
244,000 square kilometres (94,249 square miles). The capital of the country is
London. English is the official language.
The population of the U. K. is
nearly 60 million people. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and
their suburbs. Four out of every five people live in towns. Over 46 million
people live in England. Over 3 million - in Wales. A little over 5 million - in
Scotland. About 1.5 million- in Northern Ireland. London's population is over 7
million people. The British nation consists of the English, the Scots, the
Welsh and the Irish. There are many people of all colours and races in the
The climate of Great Britain is
mild. It is not too hot in summer or too cold in winter. It often rains in
England. Rain falls in summer and in winter, in autumn and in spring. Snow
falls only in the north and west of the country. The surface of England and
Ireland is flat, but Scotland and Wales are mountainous. Many parts of the country
have beautiful villages. There are many rivers in Great Britain. The main river
is the Thames. Many ships and barges go up and down the river. The longest
river is Severn. It is 350 kilometres long.
There are many universities,
colleges, libraries, museums and theatres in the country. The most famous
universities are Cambridge University, Oxford University, Glasgow University.
The U. K. is a parliamentary
monarchy. The British Parliament consists of two Houses: the House of Lords and
the House of Commons. The Prime Minister is the head of the government.
The United Kingdom has some mineral
resources. Coal and oil are the most important of them. The United Kingdom is
one of the world's most industrialized countries. The main industrial centres
are Sheffield, Birmingham and Manchester. The largest cities of the country are
London, Birmingham, Cardiff, Manchester, Glasgow, Belfast, Dublin.
Agriculture takes an important
sector in economy of the country. The British people grow wheat, fruit, vegetables, oats.
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