U.k. political system
U.k. political system.
The U.K of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a parliamentary
democracy with a constitutional monarch, Queen Elizabeth II as head of state.
The organs of government are : Parliament, the executive and the judiciary. The
legislature, Parliament, is the supreme authority. It comprises 2 chambers -
the House of Lords and House of Commons - together with the Queen in her
The executive consists of the central Government - that is the
Prime-Minister and Cabinet and other ministers who are responsible for iniating
and directing the national policy, government departments, local authorities,
and public corporations. The judiciary determines common I am and interpret
status and is independent of both the legislature and executive.
The Government derive its authority from the elected House of
Commons. A general election. For all seats in the House of Commons, must be
help every 5 years. The Government is normally formed by the political party
which is supported by the majority in the House of Commons. The Party’s leader
is appointed Prime-Minister by the Queen. He chooses a team of ministers of
whom 20 or so are in the Cabinet. The second largest party becomes the official
opposition with its own leader and Shadow Cabinet. The House of Commons comprises
members from the constituencies in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern
Ireland who represent people whose history and traditions differ.
The House of Lords is a hereditory Chamber.
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