Список мирового наследия (The World Heritage List, на английском языке)

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Список мирового наследия (The World Heritage List, на английском языке)

 

РОССИЙСКИЙ  УНИВЕРСИТЕТ  ДРУЖБЫ  НАРОДОВ

ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ  ФАКУЛЬТЕТ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

РЕФЕРАТ

 

СПИСОК МИРОВОГО НАСЛЕДИЯ

(The World Heritage List, на английском языке)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Дисциплина: Нормативное обеспечение охраны окружающей среды

Написал: Попов Н. И.

Преподаватель: Попадейкин В. В.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

МОСКВА

1997

The World Heritage List

UNESCO

         World Heritage

                          WORLD HERITAGE LIST

     The 506 properties which the World Heritage Committee

     has inscribed on the World Heritage List

     (380 cultural, 107 natural and 19 mixed properties in 107 States Parties)

     The World Heritage Committee has inscribed the following properties on the World                                                            Heritage List. The List, arranged alphabetically by nominating country, is current as of December 1996.

     -----------------------------------------------------------------

     ALBANIA:

          1992 Butrinti

     ALGERIA:

          1980 Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad

          1982 Tassili N'Ajjer

          1982 M'Zab Valley

          1982 Djйmila

          1982 Tipasa

          1982 Timgad

          1992 Kasbah of Algiers

     ARGENTINA:

          1981 Los Glaciares

          1984 Iguazu National Park

     ARGENTINA AND BRAZIL:

          1984 Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis:

               San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Senora

               de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina),

               Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)

     ARMENIA:

          1996 The Monastery of Haghpat

     AUSTRALIA:

          1981 Great Barrier Reef

          1981 Kakadu National Park

          1981 Willandra Lakes Region

          1982 Tasmanian Wilderness

          1982 Lord Howe Island Group

          1987 Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park

          1987 Central Eastern Australian Rainforest

          1988 Wet Tropics of Queensland

          1991 Shark Bay, Western Australia

          1992 Fraser Island

          1994 Australian Fossil Mammal Sites

          (Riversleigh/Naracoorte)

     AUSTRIA:

          1996 The Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg

          1996 The Palace and Gardens of Schцnbrunn

     BANGLADESH:

          1985 Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat

          1985 Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur

     BELARUS/POLAND:

          1992 Beloveshskaya Pushcha/Bialowieza Forest

     BELIZE:

          1996 Belize Barrier-Reef Reserve System

     BENIN:

          1985 Royal Palaces of Abomey

     BOLIVIA:

          1987 City of Potosi

          1990 Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos

          1991 Historic City of Sucre

     BRAZIL:

          1980 Historic Town of Ouro Preto

          1982 Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda

          1984 Iguacu National Park

          1985 Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia

          1985 Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas

          1987 Brasilia

          1991 Serra da Capivara National Park

     BULGARIA:

          1979 Boyana Church

          1979 Madara Rider

          1979 Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo

          1979 Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak

          1983 Ancient City of Nessebar

          1983 Srebarna Nature Reserve

          1983 Pirin National Park

          1983 Rila Monastery

          1985 Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari

     CAMBODIA:

          1992 Angkor

     CAMEROON:

          1987 Dja Faunal Reserve

     CANADA:

          1978 L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Park

          1978 Nahanni National Park

          1979 Dinosaur Provincial Park

          1981 Anthony Island

          1981 Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump Complex

          1983 Wood Buffalo National Park

          1984 Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks*

          1985 Quebec (Historic Area)

          1987 Gros Morne National Park

          1995 Lunenburg Old Town

          *The Burgess Shale Site, previously inscribed on the

          WHL, is part of the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks.

     CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:

          1979 Tatshenshini-Alsek/ Kluane National Park/

          Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Reserve and

          Glacier Bay National Park

          1995 Waterton Glacier International Peace Park


     CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC:

          1988 Parc National du Manovo-Gounda St. Floris

     CHILE:

          1995 Rapa Nui National Park

     CHINA:

          1987 The Great Wall

          1987 Mount Taishan

          1987 Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

          1987 Mogao Caves

          1987 Mausoleum of the First Qin Emporer

          1987 Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian

          1990 Mount Hungshan

          1992 Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest

          Area

          1992 Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area

          1992 Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area

          1994 The Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples,

          Chengde

          1994 Temple of Confucius, Cemetery of Confucius, and

          Kong Family Mansion in Qufu

          1994 Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains

          1994 The Potala Palace, Lhasa

          1996 Lushan National Park

          1996 Mt. Emei and Leshan Giant Buddha

     COLOMBIA:

          1984 Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena

          1994 Los Katios National Park

          1995 Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox

          1995 National Archaeological Park of Tierradentro

          1995 San Agustin Archaeological Park

     COSTA RICA/PANAMA:

          1983 Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves/ La Amistad

          National Park

     COTE D'IVOIRE:

          1982 Taп National Park

          1983 Comoй National Park

     CROATIA:

          1979 Old City of Dubrovnik

          1979 Historic Complex of Split with the Palace of

          Diocletian

          1979 Plitvice Lakes National Park

     CUBA:

          1982 Old Havana and its Fortifications

          1988 Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios

     CYPRUS:

          1980 Paphos

          1985 Painted Churches in the Troodos Region

     CZECH REPUBLIC:

          1992 Historic Centre of Prague

          1992 Historic Centre of Cesky Krumlov

          1992 Historic Centre of Telc

          1994 Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk at Zelena

          Hora

          1995 Kutna Hora - the Historical Town Centre with the

          Church of Saint Barbara and the Cathedral of our Lady

          at Sedlec

          1996 The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape

     DENMARK:

          1994 Jellings Mounds, Runic Stones and Church

          1995 Roskilde Cathedral

     DOMINICAN REPUBLIC:

          1990 Colonial City of Santo Domingo

     ECUADOR:

          1978 Galapagos National Park

          1978 Old City of Quito

          1983 Sangay National Park

     EGYPT:

          1979 Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis

          1979 Islamic Cairo

          1979 Memphis and its Necropolis - the Pyramid Fields

          from Giza to Dahshur

          1979 Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

          1979 Abu Mena

     EL SALVADOR:

          1993 Joya de Ceren Archaeological Site

     ETHIOPIA:

          1978 Rock-hewn Churches of Lalibela

          1978 Simien National Park

          1979 Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region

          1980 Aksum

          1980 Lower Valley of the Awash

          1980 Lower Valley of the Omo

          1980 Tiya

     FINLAND:

          1991 Old Rauma

          1991 Fortress of Suomenlinna

          1994 Petдjдvesi Old Church

          1996 Verla Groundwood and Board Mill

     FORMER YUGOSLAV REP. OF MACEDONIA

          1979 Ohrid Region, including its cultural and historic

          aspects, and its natural environment

     FRANCE:

          1979 Chartres Cathedral

          1979 Decorated Grottoes of the Vйzиre Valley, including

          the Grotto of Lascaux

          1979 Mont-St. Michel and its Bay

          1979 Palace and Park of Versailles

          1979 Vйzelay, Church and Hill

          1981 Amiens Cathedral

          1981 Chateau and Estate of Chambord

          1981 Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay

          1981 Palace and Park of Fontainebleau

          1981 Roman and Romanesque Monuments of Arles

          1981 The Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the

          Triumphal Arch of Orange

          1982 The Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans

          1983 Place Stanislas, Place de la Carriиre, and Place

          d'Alliance, Nancy

          1983 Church of Saint-Savin-sur Gartempe

          1983 Cape Girolata, Cape Porto, Scandola Natural

          Reserve, and the Piano Calanches in Corsica

          1985 Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct)

          1988 Strasbourg, Grande Isle

          1991 Paris, Banks of the Seine

          1991 Cathedral of Notre-Dame, former Abbey of

          Saint-Remi and Tau Palace, of Reims

          1992 Bourges Cathedral

          1995 Historic Centre of Avignon

          1996 Le Canal du Midi

     GEORGIA:

          1994 The City-Museum Reserve of Mtskheta

          1994 Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati

          1996 Upper Svaneti

     GERMANY:

          1978 Aachen Cathedral

          1981 Speyer Cathedral

          1981 Wьrzburg Residence, including the Court Gardens

          and Residence Square

          1983 Pilgrimage of Church of Wies

          1984 The Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at

          Brьhl

          1985 St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Michael's Church,

          Hildesheim

          1986 Roman Monuments, Cathedral and Liebfrauen-Church

          in Trier

          1987 Hanseatic City of Lьbeck

          1990 Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin

          1991 Abbey and Altenmьnster of Lorsch

          1992 Mines of Rammelsberg and the Historic Town of

          Goslar

          1993 Town of Bamberg

          1993 Maulbronn Monastery Complex

          1994 The Collegiate Church, Castle, and old Town of

          Quedlinburg

          1994 Vцlklingen Ironworks

          1995 Messel Pit Fossil site

          1996 Cologne Cathedral

          1996 The Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar and Dessau

          1996 The Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg

     GHANA:

          1979 Forts and Castles, Volta Greater Accra, Central

          and Western Regions

          1980 Ashante Traditional Buildings

     GREECE:

          1986 Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae

          1987 Archaeological Site of Delphi

          1987 The Acropolis, Athens

          1988 Mount Athos

          1988 Meteora

          1988 Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of

          Thessalonika

          1988 Archaeological Site of Epidaurus

          1988 Medieval City of Rhodes

          1989 Archaeological Site of Olympia

          1989 Mystras

          1990 Delos

          1990 Monasteries of Daphni, Hossios Luckas and Nea Moni

          of Chios

          1992 Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos

          1996 The Archaeological Site of Vergina

     GUATEMALA:

          1979 Antigua Guatemala

          1979 Tikal National Park

          1981 Archaeological Park and Ruins of Quirigua

     GUINEA AND COTE D'IVOIRE:

          1981 Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve

     HAITI:

          1982 Citadel, Sans-Souci Palace, and Ramiers National

          Historic Park

     HOLY SEE:

          1984 Vatican City

     HONDURAS:

          1980 Maya Site of Copan

          1982 Rнo Platano Biosphere Reserve

     HUNGARY:

          1987 Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube with

          the district of Buda Castle

          1987 Hollуkц

          1996 The Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and

          its Natural Environment

     HUNGARY AND SLOVAKIA:

          1995 Caves of Aggtelek and Slovak Karst

     INDIA:

          1983 Ajanta Caves

          1983 Ellora Caves

          1983 Agra Fort

          1983 Taj Mahal

          1984 Sun Temple, Konarak

          1985 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

          1985 Kaziranga National Park

          1985 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

          1985 Keoladeo National Park

          1986 Churches and Convents of Goa

          1986 Group of Monuments at Khajuraho

          1986 Group of Monuments at Hampi

          1986 Fatehpur Sikri

          1987 Elephanta Caves

          1987 Brihadisvara Temple, Thanjavur

          1987 Sundarbans National Park

          1988 Nanda Devi National Park

          1989 Buddhist Monastery at Sanchi

          1993 Humayun's Tomb

          1993 Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi

     INDONESIA:

          1991 Komodo National Park

          1991 Ujung Kulon National Park

          1991 Borobudur Temple compound

          1991 Prambanan Temple compound

          1996 Sangiran Early Man Site

     IRAN:

          1979 Persepolis

          1979 Tchoga Zanbil Ziggurat and Complex

          1979 Meidan Emam, Esfahan

     IRAQ:

          1985 Hatra

     IRELAND:

          1993 Archaeological ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne

          1996 Skellig Michael

     ITALY:

          1979 Rock Drawings in Valcamonica near Bresica

          1980 Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle

          Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci

          1982 Historic Centre of Florence

          1987 Venice and its Lagoon

          1987 Piazza del Duomo, Pisa

          1990 Historic Centre of San Gimignano

          1993 I Sassi di Matera

          1994 The City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of

          the Veneto

          1995 Historic Centre of Siena

          1995 Historic Centre of Naples

          1995 Crespi d'Adda

          1995 Ferrara, City of the Renaissance

          1996 Castel del Monte

          1996 The Trulli of Alberobello

          1996 The Early Christian Monuments and Mosaics of

          Ravenna

          1996 The Historic Centre of the City of Pienza

     ITALY/HOLY SEE:

          1980 Historic Centre of Rome, the properties of the

          Holy See in that city enjoying extraterritorial rights,

          and San Paolo fuori le Mura

     JAPAN:

          1993 Himeji-jo

          1993 Buddhist Monuments in the Horyuji Area

          1993 Yakushima

          1993 Shirakami-Sanchi

          1994 Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji

          and Otsu Cities)

          1995 Historic Villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama

          1996 Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)

          1996 Itsukushima Shinto Shrine

     JERUSALEM

          1981 The Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (site

          proposed by Jordan)

     JORDAN:

          1985 Petra

          1985 Quseir Amra

     LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC:

          1995 Town of Luang Prabang

     LEBANON:

          1984 Anjar

          1984 Baalbek

          1984 Byblos

          1984 Tyre

     LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA:

          1982 Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna

          1982 Archaeological Site of Sabratha

          1982 Archaeological Site of Cyrene

          1985 Rock-art Sites of Tadrart Acacus

          1988 Old Town of Ghadamиs

     LITHUANIA:

          1994 Vilnius Historic Centre

     LUXEMBOURG:

          1994 The City of Luxembourg,its old quarters and

          fortifications

     MADAGASCAR:

          1990 Tsingy Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve

     MALAWI:

          1984 Lake Malawi National Park

     MALI:

          1988 Old Towns of Djennй

          1988 Timbuktu

          1989 Cliffs of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons)

     MALTA:

          1980 City of Valetta

          1980 Megalithic Temples

          1980 Hal Saflieni Hypogeum

     MAURITANIA:

          1989 Banc D'Arguin National Park

          1996 The Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt

          and Oualata

     MEXICO:

          1987 Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco

          1987 Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque

          1987 Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

          1987 Historic Centre of Oaxaca and the Archaeological

          Site of Monte Alban

          1987 Historic Centre of Puebla

          1987 Sian Ka'an

          1988 Historic Town of Guanajuato and adjacent mines

          1988 Pre-Hispanic City of Chichйn-Itza

          1991 Historic Centre of Morelia

          1992 El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City

          1993 Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino

          1993 Historic Centre of Zacatecas

          1993 Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco

          1994 The Earliest 16th Century Monasteries on the

          slopes of Popocatepetl

          1996 The Prehispanic Town of Uxmal

          1996 The Historic Monuments Zone of Querйtaro

     MOROCCO:

          1981 Medina of Fez

          1985 Medina of Marrakesh

          1987 Ksar of Aпt-Ben-Haddou

          1996 The Historic City of Meknes

     MOZAMBIQUE:

          1991 Island of Mozambique

     NEPAL:

          1979 Kathmandu Valley

          1979 Sagarmatha National Park, including Mt. Everest

          1984 Royal Chitwan National Park

     NETHERLANDS:

          1995 Schokland and its surroundings

          1996 The Defense Line of Amsterdam

     NEW ZEALAND:

          1990 Te Wahipounamu - South West New Zealand

          (Westland/Mount Cook National Park and Fiordland

          National Park, previously inscribed on the World

          Heritage List, are part of this site)

          1990 Tongariro National Park

     NIGER:

          1991 Air and Tйnйrй Natural Reserves

          1996 "W" National Park

     NORWAY:

          1979 Urnes Stave Church

          1979 Bryggen

          1980 Rшros Mining Town

          1985 Rock Drawings of Alta

     OMAN:

          1987 Bahla Fort

          1988 Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn

          1994 Arabian Oryx Sanctuary

     PAKISTAN:

          1980 Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

          1980 Buddhist Ruins at Takht-i-Bahi and Neighboring

          City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

          1980 Taxila

          1981 Fort and Shalamar Gardens at Lahore

          1981 Historic Monuments of Thatta

     PANAMA:

          1980 Fortifications of Portobelo and San Lorenzo

          1981 Darien National Park

     PARAGUAY:

          1993 Jesuit Missions of La Santisima Trinidad de Parana

          and Jesus de Tavarangue

     PERU:

          1983 City of Cuzco

          1983 Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

          1985 Chavin (Archaeological site)

          1985 Huascarбn National Park

          1987 Manu National Park

          1988 Chan Chan Archaeological Zone

          1990 Rio Abiseo National Park

          1991 Historic Centre of Lima

          1994 The Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de

          Juma

     PHILIPPINES:

          1993 Baroque Churches of the Philippines

          1993 Tubbataha Reef Marine Park

          1995 Rice Terrasses of the Philippines Cordilleras

     POLAND:

          1978 Historic Centre of Cracow

          1978 Wieliczka Salt Mines

          1979 Auschwitz Concentration Camp

          1980 Historic Centre of Warsaw

          1992 Old City of Zamosc

     PORTUGAL:

          1983 Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in

          the Azores

          1983 Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belйm,

          Lisbon

          1983 Monastery of Batalha

          1983 Convent of Christ in Tomar

          1988 Historic Centre of Evora

          1989 Monastery of Alcobaзa

          1995 Cultural Landscape of Sintra

          1996 The Historic Centre of Oporto

     REPUBLIC OF KOREA:

          1995 Sokkuram Grotto and Pulguksa Temple

          1995 Haiensa Temple Changgyong P'ango, the Depositories

          for the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks

          1995 The Chongmyo Shrine

     ROMANIA:

          1991 Danube Delta

          1993 Biertan and its Fortified Church

          1993 Monastery of Horezu

          1993 Churches of Moldavia

     RUSSIAN FEDERATION:

          1990 Historic Centre of St. Petersburg and related

          groups of monuments

          1990 Khizi Pogost

          1990 Kremlin and the Red Square

          1992 Historic Monuments of Novgorod and surroundings

          1992 Cultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky

          Islands

          1992 The White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal

          1993 Architectural Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius

          Lavra in Sergiev Posad

          1994 The Church of the Ascension, Kolomenskoye

          1995 Virgin Komi Forests

          1996 Lake Baikal

          1996 Volcanoes of Kamchatka

     SENEGAL:

          1978 Island of Gorйe

          1981 Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary

          1981 Niokolo-Koba National Park

     SEYCHELLES:

          1982 Aldabra Atoll

          1983 Vallйe de Mai Nature Reserve

     SLOVAKIA:

          1993 Vlkolinec

          1993 Spissky Hrad and its Associated Cultural Monuments

          1993 Banska Stiavnica

     SLOVENIA:

          1988 Skocjan Caves

     SPAIN:

          1984 The Historic Centre of Cуrdoba

          1984 Alhambra, Generalife, and Albayzin, Granada

          1984 Burgos Cathedral

          1984 Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

          1984 Parque Gьell, Palacio Gьell and Casa Mila,

          Barcelona

          1985 Altamira Cave

          1985 Old Town of Segovia, including its aqueduct

          1985 Churches of the Kingdom of the Asturias

          1985 Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

          1985 Old Town of Avila, including its Extra Muros

          churches

          1986 Mudejar Architecture of Teruel

          1986 Historic City of Toledo

          1986 Garajonay National Park

          1986 Old Town of Caceres

          1987 Cathedral, the Alcazar and Archivo de Indias,

          Seville

          1988 Old City of Salamanca

          1991 Poblet Monastery

          1993 Archaeological Ensemble of Mйrida

          1993 Royal Monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe

          1993 The Route of Santiago de Compostela

          1994 Doсana National Park

          1996 The Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

          1996 "La Lonja de la Seda" of Valencia

     SRI LANKA:

          1982 Sacred City of Anuradhapura

          1982 Ancient City of Polonnaruva

          1982 Ancient City of Sigiriya

          1988 Sinharaja Forest Reserve

          1988 Sacred City of Kandy

          1988 Old Town of Galle and its fortifications

          1991 Golden Temple of Dambulla

     SWEDEN:

          1991 Royal Domain of Drottningholm

          1993 Birka and Hovgеrden

          1993 Engelsberg Ironworks

          1994 Rock Carvings of Tanum

          1994 Skogskyrkogеrden

          1995 Hanseatic Town of Visby

          1996 The Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleе

          1996 The Laponian Area

     SWITZERLAND:

          1983 Convent of St. Gall

          1983 Benedictine Convent of St. John at Mьstair

          1983 Old City of Berne

     SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC:

          1979 Ancient City of Damascus

          1980 Site of Palmyra

          1980 Ancient City of Bosra

          1988 Ancient City of Aleppo

     THAILAND:

          1991 Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries

          1991 Historic Town of Sukhothai and associated historic

          towns

          1991 Historic City of Ayutthaya and associated historic

          towns

          1992 Ban Chiang Archaeological Site

     TUNISIA:

          1979 Amphitheater of El Djem

          1979 Site of Carthage

          1979 Medina of Tunis

          1980 Ichkeul National Park

          1985 Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis

          1988 Medina of Sousse

          1988 Kairouan

     TURKEY:

          1985 Historic Areas of Istanbul

          1985 Gцreme National Park and the Rock Sites of

          Cappadocia

          1985 Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi

          1986 Hattusha

          1987 Nemrut Dag

          1988 Xanthos-Letoon

          1988 Hierapolis-Pamukkale

          1994 City of Safranbolu

     UGANDA:

          1994 Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

          1994 Rwenzori Mountains National Park



     UKRAINE:

          1990 Kiev: St Sophia Cathedral and related monastic

          buildings, and Lavra of Kiev-Pechersk

     UNITED KINGDOM:

          1986 The Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast

          1986 Durham Castle and Cathedral

          1986 Ironbridge Gorge

          1986 Studley Royal Park, including the Ruins of

          Fountains Abbey

          1986 Stonehenge, Avebury and associated sites

          1986 The Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in

          Gwynedd

          1986 St. Kilda

          1987 Blenheim Palace

          1987 City of Bath

          1987 Hadrian's Wall

          1987 Palace of Westminster, Abbey of Westminster, and

          St. Margaret's Church

          1988 Henderson Island

          1988 The Tower of London

          1988 Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine's Abbey, and

          St. Martin's Church

          1995 Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

          1995 Gough Island Wildlife Reserve

     UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA:

          1979 Ngorongoro Conservation Area

          1981 Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara

          1981 Serengeti National Park

          1982 Selous Game Reserve

          1987 Kilimanjaro National Park

     UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:

          1978 Mesa Verde National Park

          1978 Yellowstone National Park

          1979 Everglades National Park

          1979 Grand Canyon National Park

          1979 Independence Hall

          1980 Redwood National Park

          1981 Mammoth Cave National Park

          1981 Olympic National Park

          1983 Great Smokey Mountains National Park

          1983 San Juan National Historic Site and La Fortaleza

          1984 The Statue of Liberty

          1984 Yosemite National Park

          1987 Monticello, and the University of Virginia,

          Charlottesville

          1987 Chaco Culture National Historic Park

          1987 Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

          1992 Pueblo de Taos

          1995 Carlsbad Caverns National Park

     URUGUAY:

          1995 Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del

          Sacramento

     UZBEKISTAN:

          1990 Itchan Kala

          1993 The Historic Centre of Bukhara

     VENEZUELA:

          1993 Coro

          1994 Canaima National Park

     VIET NAM:

          1993 Huй (Complex of Monuments)

          1994 Ha Long Bay

     YEMEN:

          1982 Old Walled City of Shibam

          1988 Old City of Sana'a

          1993 Historic Town of Zabid

     YUGOSLAVIA:

          1979 Natural and Culturo-Historic Region of Kotor

          1979 Stari Ras and Sopocani Monastery

          1980 Durmitor National Park

          1988 Studenica Monastery

     ZAIRE:

          1979 Virunga National Park

          1981 Kahuzi-Biega National Park

          1980 Garamba National Park

          1984 Salonga National Park

          1996 Okapi Faunal Reserve

     ZAMBIA/ZIMBABWE:

          1989 Victoria Falls/Mosi-oa-Tunya

     ZIMBABWE:

          1984 Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari

          Areas

          1988 Great Zimbabwe National Monument

          1988 Khami Ruins National Monument

     -----------------------------------------------------------------

     The World Heritage List was established under terms of The Convention Concerning the Protection of World Culture and Natural Heritage adopted in November, 1972 at the 17th General Conference of UNESCO.

     The Convention states that a World Heritage Committee "will establish, keep up-to-date and publish" a World Heritage List of cultural and natural properties, submitted by the States and considered to be of outstanding universal value.

     One of the main responsibilities of this Committee is to provide technical co-operation under the World Heritage Fund for the safeguarding of World Heritage Sites to States Parties whose resources are insufficient.

     States Parties can request international assistance under the Fund for expert missions, training of specialized staff, and supply of equipment when appropriate; they can also apply for long-term loans and, in special cases, non-repayable grants. Requests must concern work necessary for the preservation of cultural or natural sites included in the World Heritage List or assistance to national or regional training centres.

     Emergency assistance is also available under the Fund in the case of properties severely damaged by specific natural or man-made disasters or threatened with imminent destruction.

     As of December 1996, 147 Member States had ratified the Convention, the United States being the first to do so. As of December 1996, the number of sites on the World Heritage List stood at 506. The Committee named 12 sites in 1978, 45 in 1979, 28 in 1980, 26 in 1981, 24 in 1982, 29 in 1983, 23 in 1984, 30 in 1985, 31 in 1986, 41 in 1987, 27 in 1988, 7 in 1989, 17 in 1990, 22 in 1991, 20 in 1992, 33 in 1993, 29 in 1994, 29 in 1995, and 37 in 1996.

     * Small discrepancies in numbers may be due to different methods of numbering sites, and overlapping of sites into two countries.


    Inquiries should be sent to :

          UNESCO World Heritage Centre

          7 Place de Fontenoy

          75352 Paris 07 SP, France

          wh-info@unesco.org

     -----------------------------------------------------------------

     http://www.unesco.org/whc/heritage.htm

     Update: 20 February 1997

Источник: Internet.

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